Panel of experts show how mining and dams threaten priceless protected areas
Anthropic forest in Acre: Forest inventory atop the geoglyph Tres Vertentes, Acrelandia. William Balee, Denise Schaan, James Andrew Whitaker and Rosangela Holanda
Lanscapes with Araucaria in South America: Evidence for a cultural dimension by Maurício Sedrez dos Reis, Ana Ladio and Nivaldo Peroni.
The recent paper by McMichael et al. on the Proccedings of the Royal Society estimates the potential area of ‘Terras Pretas do Indio’ in Amazonia. Go to the paper.
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Jennifer Watling won the prestigious Young Researcher Scopus Award for the Arts and the Humanities.
Drained-field maize agriculture in the Monumental Mound Region of the Llanos de Moxos did not significantly changed forest cover
The multi-proxy research combining pollen, phytoliths and charcoal analyses from a Late Holocene core from Laguna San Jose has shown that the pre-Columbian groups that build massive habitation mounds in SE Moxos practice maize agriculture. In this area with relatively fertile soil that is criss crossed by more than 700 km of causeways and canals, they most probably practiced drained-field agriculture. Surprisingly our study revealed that they did not significantly altered the cover of forest at the landscape level. Our study also documented a major change in land use, marked by a share decline in charcoal, just 100 years before the arrival of Europeans in the New World.
In their new article ‘Differentiation of neotropical ecosystems by modern soil phytolith assemblages and its implications for palaeoenvironmental and archaeological reconstructions’ Dickau et al. proved that Neotropical ecosystems, ranging from terra firme humid evergreen forest to seasonally-inundated savannahs in the Noel Kempff Mercado National Park, can be distinguished by their phytoliths assemblages.
The recently published paper by Rushton et al. in The Holocene, which closely integrates archaeology and palaeoecology at the Maya city of Lamanai in Northern Belize, has revealed an expected finding. Unlike other regions of the lowland Maya area, the 3500 yr old record does not show evidence of societal decline related to the A.D.
Archaeobotancial analysis of starch residue extracted from from cooking pots laying over an earth oven on a pit house in the Urubici region of the southern Brazilian highlands reveals the diversity of cultivars consumed by the southern proto-Je including maize, manioc and squash. The study was carried out at the Archaeobotany Laboratory at University of Exeter by Dr. Rafael Corteletti (CAPES- USP-University of Exeter).